Table of Contents

HK J Paediatr (New Series)
Vol 18. No. 4, 2013

HK J Paediatr (New Series) 2013;18:199-203

Original Article

Physical Activity Rates Among Adolescents: The Gender Role in Spain
青少年的運動比率:西班牙人性別的影響

E Clemente-Bosch, A Llopis-González, N Rubio-López, D Westall-Pixton, MM Morales-Suárez-Varela


Abstract

Physical activity in adolescence may contribute to develop healthy adult lifestyles and help reduce chronic disease incidence. The aim of the present study was to determine the physical activity (PA) rates among adolescents, distinguish PA rate patterns for gender and age groups, and calculate the number of adolescents who meet the current PA guidelines. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data from 583 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. We calculated their usual PA rates and considered that the International PA guidelines were followed if the subjects were physically active at least 60 minutes a day for 5 or more days per week. Of the sample participants, only 35.4% followed the International PA guidelines (57.6% males, 14.0% females). The older the subjects, the less physically active they were, and this trend was much more evident among females. We conclude that the PA rates among adolescents are quite low, with a high percentage of subjects who do no PA, especially females, which will have a negative impact on their health in the short, mid and long term.

青少年做運動有益於建立健康的生活模式,並能降低慢性病的發生率。本研究的目的是確定青少年做運動的比率,並根據不同性別和年齡分組研究,及統計達到運動標準的人數。本研究是通過問卷調查的形式,共收集了583位12 歲到18歲青少年的資料,統計他們的日常運動情況,並將日常運動60分鐘以上,及每週運動超過5天者定為達到國際運動的標準。結果只有35.4%的參加調查者達到了國際運動的標準(男57.6%,女14.0%),而且年齡越大運動量越少,尤以女青少年人為甚。結論:青少年的運動率較低,不少人甚至不做運動,特別是女青少年的情況更為嚴重,這將會對他們的短期、中期及遠期健康產生負面影響。

Keyword : Exercise; Gender differences; Young people

關鍵詞:運動、性別差異、年輕人

 
 

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