Table of Contents

HK J Paediatr (New Series)
Vol 14. No. 3, 2009

HK J Paediatr (New Series) 2009;14:209-213

Case Report

Neonatal Intestinal Obstruction and Thrombocytopenia: Sepsis or Otherwise? Neonatal Intestinal Kaposiform Haemangioendothelioma: A Case Report and Literature Review

WK Kwok, NSY Chao, MWY Leung, pmy Tang, bpy Wong, LC Ho, kkw Liu


A two-day-old full-term baby presented with vomiting and distended abdomen with a right-lower-quadrant mass. He had severe thrombocytopenia without sepsis. Radiograph showed dilated bowels displaced to the left side. Contrast enema showed micro-colon. Sonogram revealed a vascular lesion involving bowels. Laparotomy proceeded on day three for persistent obstruction: a large angiomatous lesion was found encroaching on distal ileum. Profuse haemorrhage forbade dissection; temporising ileostomy was performed. Obtruction was relieved but thrombocytopenia persisted. After ten days of supportive treatment and follow-up vascular imaging, the second operation proceeded; the intestine and mesentery bearing the lesion were resected. The baby recovered and thrived well; ileostomy was soon closed before discharging home. Histology revealed mesenteric Kaposiform haemangioendothelioma. This is a rare report of such lesion with extensive intestinal involvement causing life-threatening intestinal obstruction and coagulopathy in a newborn, necessitating urgent surgical resection. Although the baby recovered from operation, significant intestinal length was resected and resection margins were involved: post operative surveillance is needed to monitor nutrition and possible tumour recurrence.

Keyword : Kasabach-Merritt syndrome; Mesenteric Kaposiform haemangioendothelioma; Neonatal intestinal obstruction

Abstract in Chinese


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