Table of Contents

HK J Paediatr (New Series)
Vol 13. No. 1, 2008

HK J Paediatr (New Series) 2008;13:7-22

Review Article

Psychological Perspectives on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Relation to Reading Disorder and Chinese Children

CK Leong


This review paper discusses the application of DSM diagnostic criteria applied to Chinese children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); the adaptation of extant rating scales for children, teachers and parents and the mechanisms of comorbidity with reading disorder (RD). Partial genetic and cognitive overlaps and the nature of executive functioning in children are examined. Available evidence suggests that constructs of processing speed and spatial and verbal working memory with their measurable tasks show promise in assessing comorbid ADHD and RD. The paper concludes with the suggestion of applying some of the neurophysiological research paradigms used in longitudinal research into RD in prospective studies of the developmental trajectory of ADHD.

本文綜述探討了患有注意力缺陷多動障礙(ADHD)的中國兒童,在採用美國精神障礙診斷統計手冊( DSM)診斷標準的應用情況,以及目前尚應用於兒童、教師和父母的評分基準的適用性和合併閱讀障礙( RD)的發病機制。檢測了兒童的遺傳和認知的部分交叉和執行功能的本質。現有證據說明在可量化的小工中,處理速度、空間和語言記憶能力的構想顯示具有一定的前景。本文結果提示在 ADHD 發展進程的前瞻性研究中,將一些縱向研究的神經生理學研究範例運用於 RD 的研究。

Keyword : Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Comorbidity; Reading disorder; Processing speed; Working memory



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