Table of Contents

HK J Paediatr (New Series)
Vol 11. No. 2, 2006

HK J Paediatr (New Series) 2006;11:103-109

Original Article

Validation of a Chopsticks Manipulation Test for Screening Chinese Children with Fine Motor Dysfunction
應用筷子操作篩查細小動作發育異常的中國患兒中的差異

CWP Li-Tsang, HCY Lee, LK Hung


Abstract

Purpose: To study the test-retest reliability, concurrent and discriminant validity of a Chopsticks Manipulation Test for assessing children with fine motor delay. Method: Chopsticks Manipulation Test and Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-Fine Motor scale were administered on 190 children (120 without developmental disabilities and 70 with developmental disabilities). Another 40 children were selected to test for test-retest reliability. Results: (1) Test-retest reliability of the two tests mentioned above was found to be satisfactory (ICC ranged from 0.89 to 0.99). (2) There was a moderate correlation between the two tests (r=0.39, p < 0.01). (3) There was significant difference between children with and without developmental disabilities in the Chopsticks Manipulation Test (t-value=-4.71, df=180, p< 0.05). (4) Age and gender are factors affecting the Chopsticks Manipulation Test performance. Conclusion: The Chopsticks Manipulation Test was found to have good test-retest reliability. It is easy to administer in different clinical settings and the children are familiar with the equipment used in the test. It can also discriminate children with and without fine motor delay. Age and gender seemed to affect the performance of chopsticks manipulation of children.

目的:為研究應用筷子操作評估兒童的細小動作發育的測試─再測試的可靠性,一致性和分辨的有效性。方法:在 190 名兒童中應用筷子操作測試和發育動作─細小動作的測試( 120 名,正常;70 名,殘疾)。另外在,40 名兒童中檢測測試─再測試的可靠性。結果:(1)上述提到的兩個測試─再測試的可靠性結果都令人滿意( ICC 範圍從 0.89-0.99)。(2)二個測試有中度的相關關係(r=0.39, p<0.01)。(3)在正常和發育異常的兒童中,筷子操作測試有顯著差異( t=-4.71,df=180,p<0.05)。(4)性別和兒童生長環境是影響筷子操作測試的因素。結論:筷子操作測試有良好的測試─再測試的可靠性。在不同的臨床背景中易於實施,被測試者也熟悉測試中應用的器具。它也能鑒別兒童有無細小動作發育異常。性別和生長環境可以影響兒童在筷子操作測試中的表現。

Keyword : Child; Developmental disabilities; Eating utensils; Motor skills

關鍵詞:兒童、發育殘障、食用器具、動作

 
 

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