Table of Contents

HK J Paediatr (New Series)
Vol 21. No. 3, 2016

HK J Paediatr (New Series) 2016;21:168-177

Original Article

Weather Preference and Perceived Weather Effects among Chinese Adolescents
中國青少年對天氣的喜好和感知天氣的影響

MYL Chiu, HT Wong, X Yang


Abstract

Purpose: To assess subjective weather preferences among adolescents and the perceived effects of different weather conditions on mood. Methods: A cross sectional questionnaire survey on 3,580 adolescents in Hong Kong. Findings: The periods from early autumn to mid-winter were the most popular seasons among the adolescents. A significantly higher proportion of male and younger adolescents preferred poor/unstable weather conditions, whereas a significantly higher proportion of female and adolescents with older age disliked such weather. Exploratory factor analysis has identified three major areas of impact: 1) work, study and activity; 2) mood; and 3) interpersonal relationships. More respondents believed that the first two areas were adversely affected by the weather than the third area. Moreover, "negative" and "conventional" respondents tended to report more adverse impacts than "positive" and "adventurous" respondents. Gender and age effects were also found on both weather preference and perceived effects on mood. It is plausible that adolescents had engendered views on weather preference and perceived impact, but female respondents did not report a significantly more emotional impact. Conclusions: The results could contribute to a more focused study in the future and may provide some insight on program design that promotes emotional wellness among adolescents.

目的:評估青少年主觀的天氣喜好與感知不同天氣對情緒的影響。方法:對香港3580名青少年進行截面問卷調查。結果:青少年最喜歡初秋至冬季中旬,男性青年喜歡不好和不穩定的天氣佔明顯較大的比例,但年齡較年長的女性青年則不喜歡這樣的天氣。探索性分析主要受影響的有三方面:1)工作、學習和運動;2)情緒;3)人際關係。更多的受訪者表示,前兩個方面受到的影響大於第三個方面。此外,「負面型」和「傳統型」的受訪者比「正面型」和「愛冒險型」受訪者傾向表達負面的影響。性別和年齡也影響天氣的偏好和情緒感知。可以肯定青少年本身已有既定的天氣喜好與感知,然而,女性受訪者相對而言並沒有更為明顯的情緒影響。結論:此研究結果將有助研究人員今後進行更為針對性的研究,並對有關專業人士在設計增進情緒健康的活動時,提供有用的參考資料。

Keyword : Adolescent; Emotions; Hong Kong; Weather

關鍵詞:青少年、情緒、香港、天氣

 
 

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