Table of Contents

HK J Paediatr (New Series)
Vol 20. No. 2, 2015

HK J Paediatr (New Series) 2015;20:86-94

Invited Article

Environmental Hazards that Matter for Children's Health
影響兒童健康的環境公害

RA Etzel


Abstract

Healthy children play a crucial role in sustainable development. Currently, profound changes are taking place in the environments in which children are born, play, grow and learn. These changes pose risks to the health of children. The World Health Organization estimates that approximately one third of the disease burden in developing countries is attributed to modifiable environmental factors, including indoor and outdoor air pollution, unsafe water, inadequate sanitation, and hygiene. Children's exposure to these environmental pollutants whether in the form of high-level or low-level will lead to significant morbidity and mortality in short-term or even long-term in adulthood. Exposure of children to the environmental hazards mentioned in this paper is preventable. Paediatricians and healthcare workers should be aware of the associated adverse health effects and work together to reduce and finally eliminate these hazards.

健康兒童在社會的持續發展上起著至關重要的作用。目前,兒童出生、遊戲、成長和學習的環境正出現顯著變化。這些變化對兒童健康構成風險。世界衛生組織估計在發展中國家中,約三分之一的疾病不管是源自環境因素變得惡劣,包括室內和室外空氣污染、污染的食水、落後的衛生措施和惡劣的衛生環境。不管兒童是在高水準抑或低水平形式的環境污染物下生活,將導致短期甚至成人期長期顯著的發病率和死亡率。本文提及兒童所接觸的環境公害是可以避免的。兒科醫生和醫療保健人員應當注意這些相關危害健康的副作用,一起行動起來,降低並最終消滅這些公害。

Keyword : Environmental child health; Environmental hazard; Pollutants

關鍵詞:環境兒童健康、環境公害、污染物

 
 

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